Northeast China

Liaoning Hongshan Period Communities Project

The Liaoning Hongshan Period Communities Project (LHPCP) focuses on the emergence and development of Hongshan (4500–3000 BCE) chiefly communities. Ongoing data collection in the area surrounding Niuheliang includes regional-scale settlement survey and study of local communities and households through intensive surface collection and small-scale stratigraphic testing. Similar fieldwork and lab analysis in the Upper Daling region was carried out from 2007 to 2014. The objective is to document the nature of human organization at household, local community, regional polity, and macro-regional scales so as to understand better the societies that produced the ceremonial architecture and elaborate burials that have attracted considerable archaeological attention. Principal collaborators are Robert D. Drennan and Lu Xueming. The project is an institutional collaboration between the University of Hawai’i, the University of Pittsburgh, Renmin University of China, and the Liaoning Province Institute of Archaeology. Funding has been provided by the National Science Foundation, the National Geographic Society, the Henry Luce Foundation/ACLS, the University of Hawai’i at Manoa, the University of Pittsburgh, and Renmin University of China. It has produced doctoral dissertations by Li Tao, Ran Weiyu, and Chen Hsi-wen.

Delieations of local and supra-local communities in the Upper Daling region of NE China based on the application of distance-interaction principles to systematically collected regional-scale settlement pattern data.
Distributional map of household artifact assemblage analysis results for the Dongshanzui community in the Upper Daling region.